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250 species in 25 genera are found in tropical regions. Ochanostachys (Corner 1952), Olax (Irvine 1961) and Scorodocarpus sp. (Burkill 1935, Corner 1952) have an odour of garlic (Allium sativum L., fam. Alliaceae).
[Summary yet to be added]
- Coula edulis Baill.
The wood can produce dermatitis and asthma in wood workers (Dantin-Gallego et al. 1952).
- Ongokea gore Pierre
- (syns Aptandra gore Hua, Ongokea klaineana Pierre)
The sap is used as a styptic and the oil of the kernels, known as isano oil (Mabberley 1997), is used to anoint the body (Irvine 1961).
The genus Ongokea Pierre is monotypic and occurs in tropical West Africa (Mabberley 1997).
- Scorodocarpus borneensis Becc.
- (syns Ximenia borneensis Baill.)
- Bawang Hutan
Menninger (1967) notes that bawang hutan means "forest onion" and refers to the onion-scented timber (see Allium cepa L., fam. Alliaceae). Corner, in correspondence to Menninger, stated that the tree stinks of bad garlic and that the stale smell was noticeable in Bornean forests where the tree is abundant.
The genus Scorodocarpus Becc. is monotypic and occurs in Malaysia (Mabberley 1997).
- Ximenia L.
Eight species are found in tropical regions (Mabberley 1997). They are thorny shrubs or small trees more-or-less parasitic on other plants (Corner 1952).
- Ximenia americana L.
- (syns Amyris arborescens P.Browne, Ximenia aculeata Crantz, Ximenia spinosa Salisb.)
- Wild Olive, Wild Lime, Citron de Mer, Tallow Wood, Bedara Laut
The oil of the kernels of this valuable timber tree smells of garlic (Allium sativum L., fam. Alliaceae) and is used to anoint the body and hair in Africa (Irvine 1961).
- Ximenia caffra Sonder
The wood dust is irritating to the nose and throat and may produce violent sneezing (Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk 1962).
- Burkill IH (1935) A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula, Vols 1 & 2. London: Crown Agents [doi] [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
- Corner EJH (1952) Wayside Trees of Malaya, 2nd edn. Vol. 1. Singapore: VCG Gatrell, Government Printer.
- Dantin-Gallego, J., Armyor, A.F. and Riesco, J. (1952) Some new toxic woods. Some new manifestations of toxicity. Ind. Med. Surg. 21: 41.
- Irvine FR (1961) Woody Plants of Ghana. With special reference to their uses. London: Oxford University Press [doi] [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
- Mabberley DJ (1997) The Plant-Book. A portable dictionary of the vascular plants. 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
- Menninger EA (1967) Fantastic Trees. New York: Viking Press [WorldCat]
- Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. Being an account of their medicinal and other uses, chemical composition, pharmacological effects and toxicology in man and animal, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: E & S Livingstone [doi] [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]