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(Dogwood family)


About 100 species in 12 genera are found in northern and southern temperate regions and on mountains in tropical regions. Only 2 woody species are native to Europe, but a few others, which are occasionally grown for ornament, have become naturalised in Europe.

The fruit of Cornus mas L., the cornelian cherry, is edible and is used in preserves.

Mechanical irritation can be caused by T-shaped trichomes present on the leaves of at least one species.

Cornus sanguinea L.
Dogwood, Blood-Twig Dogwood, Pegwood, Dogberry

The leaf possesses T-shaped hairs which pierce the skin when rubbed on the skin in the direction of its long axis, producing erythema or urticaria (Nestler 1913, Wimmer 1926).


  • [Yet to be added. Details available on request]

Richard J. Schmidt

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