[BoDD logo]


Google uses cookies
to display context-
sensitive ads on this
page. Learn how to
manage Google cookies
by visiting the

Google Technologies Centre

 ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼ ▼


 ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲

[BBEdit logo]



(Milkweed family)



  • Abraham KI, Joshi PN (1979a) Studies on proteinases from Calotropis gigantea latex. I. Purification and some properties of two proteinases containing carbohydrate. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta – Enzymology 568(1): 111-119 [doi] [pmid]
  • Abraham KI, Joshi PN (1979b) Studies on proteinases from Calotropis gigantea latex. II. Physico-chemical properties of calotropain-FI and FII. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta – Enzymology 568(1): 120-126 [doi] [pmid]
  • Allen PH (1943) Poisonous and injurious plants of Panama. American Journal of Tropical Medicine 23(Suppl): 3-76 [doi] [url]
  • Arnold HL (1968) Poisonous Plants of Hawaii. Rutland, Vermont: CE Tuttle.
  • Atal CK and Sethi PD (1962) Proteolytic activity of some Indian plants. II. Isolation, properties, and kinetic studies of calotropain. Planta Medica 10: 77-90.
  • Behl PN, Captain RM, Bedi BMS, Gupta S (1966) Skin-Irritant and Sensitizing Plants Found in India. New Delhi: PN Behl [WorldCat]
  • Blohm H (1962) Poisonous Plants of Venezuela. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
  • Bull G, Burrill B (2002) Auckland Regional Pest Management Strategy 2002-2007. Auckland: Auckland Regional Council [WorldCat] [url]
  • Carpenter DC and Lovelace FE (1943) The isoelectric point of asclepain. Journal of the American Chemical Society 65: 2364-2365.
  • Crawford HE (1958) Crown flower keratoconjunctivitis. Hawaii Medical Journal 17(3): 244-245.
  • Dalziel JM (1937) The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Being an appendix to The Flora of West Tropical Africa by J. Hutchinson and J.M. Dalziel. London: Crown Agents for the Colonies [WorldCat]
  • Dateo GP and Long L (1973) Gymnemic acid, the antisaccharine principle of Gymnema sylvestre. Studies on the isolation and heterogeneity of gymnemic acid A1. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 21(5): 899-903
  • Duke-Elder S, MacFaul PA (1972b) System of Ophthalmology, Vol. XIV. Injuries Part 2. Non-Mechanical Injuries. London: Henry Kimpton [WorldCat]
  • Everist SL (1972) Personal communication to Mitchell JC. In: Mitchell J, Rook A (1979). Botanical Dermatology. Plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Vancouver: Greengrass, pp. 117, 128, 579, 709-710 [WorldCat]
  • Gellert E, Govindachari TR, Lakshmikantham MV, Ragade IS, Rudzats R and Viswanathan N (1962) The alkaloids of Tylophora crebriflora: structure and synthesis of tylocrebrine, a new phenanthroindolizidine alkaloid. Journal of the Chemical Society : 1008-1014.
  • Govindachari TR, Pai BR, Ragade IS, Rajappa S and Viswanathan N (1961) Chemical examination of Tylophora asthmatica -V. Structure of tylophorinine. Tetrahedron 14: 288-295.
  • Grant WM (1974) Toxicology of the Eye, 2nd edn. Springfield, Ill.: CC Thomas.
  • Greenberg DM and Winnick T (1940) Plant proteases. I. Activation-inhibition reactions. J. Biol. Chem. 135: 761-773.
  • Howes FN (1974) A Dictionary of Useful and Everyday Plants and their Common Names. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [WorldCat]
  • Hurst E (1942) The Poison Plants of New South Wales. Sydney: NSW Poison Plants Committee [WorldCat]
  • Lewis WH and Elvin-Lewis MPF (1977) Medical Botany. Plants affecting man's health. New York: John Wiley.
  • Lynn KR, Brockbank WJ, Clevette NA (1980) Multiple forms of the asclepains. Cysteinyl proteases from milkweed. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta – Enzymology 612(1): 119-125 [doi] [pmid]
  • MacPherson J (1932) Plants injurious to man in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia i: 281
  • Menninger EA (1967) Fantastic Trees. New York: Viking Press [WorldCat]
  • Morton JF (1962a) Ornamental plants with toxic and/or irritant properties. II. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 75: 484-491 [url] [url-2]
  • Muthayya RES (1948) Madar keratitis. Proc. All-India Ophthal. Soc. 10: 44.
  • Nadkarni AK (1976) Dr. K. M. Nadkarni's Indian Materia Medica. With ayurvedic, unani-tibbi, siddha, allopathic, homeopathic, naturopathic & home remedies, appendices & indexes, Revised enlarged and reprinted 3rd edn, Vols 1 & 2. Bombay: Popular Prakashan [WorldCat] [url]
  • Pailer M, Streicher W (1965) Alkaloide aus Vincetoxicum officinale Moench. (Gemeine Schwalbenwurz). [Alkaloids from Vincetoxicum officinale Moench (common swallowroot)]. Monatshefte für Chemie 96(3): 1094-1102 [doi] [url]
  • Pal G and Sinha NK (1980) Isolation, crystallization, and properties of calotropins DI and DII from Calotropis gigantea. Archs Biochem. Biophys. 2020: 321-329.
  • Perry LM, Metzger J (1980) Medicinal Plants of East and Southeast Asia: Attributed Properties and Uses. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press [WorldCat] [doi] [url] [url-2]
  • Phillipson JD et al. (1974) Alkaloids of Tylophora species from Sri Lanka. Planta Medica 25: 301.
  • Piffard HG (1881) A Treatise on the Materia Medica and Therapeutics of the Skin. New York: William Wood & Company [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Ratnagiriswaran AN and Venkatachalam K (1935) The chemical examination of Tylophora asthmatica and isolation of the alkaloids tylophorine and tylophorinine. Indian Journal of Medical Research 22(3): 433-441
  • Schmidt RJ (1985) The super-nettles: a dermatologist's guide to ants in the plants. International Journal of Dermatology 24(4): 204-210 [doi] [url] [url-2] [pmid]
  • Shelmire B (1940) Contact dermatitis from vegetation. Southern Medical Journal 33: 338.
  • Singh R, Siddiqui MA, Baruah MC (1978) Plant dermatitis in Delhi. Indian Journal of Medical Research 68(Oct): 650-655
  • Stuart GA (1911) Chinese Materia Medica. Vegetable Kingdom. Extensively revised from Dr. F. Porter Smith's work. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press [doi] [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Sugiki S (1966) Crownflower or cornflower. Archives of Ophthalmology 75: 736.
  • Train P, Henrichs JR, Archer WA (1957) Medicinal Uses of Plants by Indian Tribes of Nevada. (Revised edn by Archer WA). Beltsville, MD: US Dept of Agriculture, Plant Industry Station [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Watt JM, Breyer-Brandwijk MG (1962) The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. Being an account of their medicinal and other uses, chemical composition, pharmacological effects and toxicology in man and animal, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: E & S Livingstone [doi] [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Webb LH (1948a) Guide to medicinal and poisonous plants of Queensland. Bull. Commonw. Scient. Ind. Res. Org. (232).
  • Williamson J (1955) Useful Plants of Nyasaland. (Edited by Greenway PJ). Zomba, Nyasaland: Government Printer [WorldCat] [url] [url-2]
  • Winnick T, Davis AR and Greenberg DM (1940) Physicochemical properties of the proteolytic enzyme from the latex of the milkweed, Asclepias speciosa Torr. Some comparisons with other proteases. I. Chemical properties, activation-inhibition, pH-activity, and temperature-activity curves. Journal of General Physiology 23: 275-288. (Chem. Abstr. 34:4751)
  • Wong WH (1949) Crownflower keratoconjunctivitis. Hawaii Medical Journal 8: 339.
  • Wren RC (1975) Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. (Re-edited and enlarged by Wren RW). Bradford, Devon: Health Science Press [WorldCat] [doi] [url] [url-2]

Richard J. Schmidt

[Valid HTML 4.01!]

[2D-QR coded url]